Mozaffar-ed-Din Shah Qajar (Kadjar)
Fifth Shah of the Qajar Dynasty
Mozaffar-ed-Din shah's short reign does not invoke many memories for most Iranians. He should, however, be remebered as the shah who gave Iran its only democratic constitution in 1906, making Iran a constitutional monarchy. Even though the academic record on this matter so far does not give Mozaffar-ed-Din shah sufficient credit, it was this king's intention to leave the country with a system that would ensure stability and internal peace. His son, Mohammad Ali Shah, will be faced with quite a different challenge than his father, the outcome of which would practically seal the fate of the Qajar dynasty.