Children of Ali Shah Qajar (Kadjar)

(Ali Mirza Zell-e-Soltan, reigned as "Ali Shah" "Adel Shah")

From wall painting at  Negarestan Palace, Tehran

Ali Shah "Adel Shah" Qajar (Kadjar) (b. 1793/1210 A.H.--d. 1855/1271 A.H. in Kerbela) (r. 1834/1250 A.H.)

10th son of Fath Ali Shah by Assiyeh Khanom, daughter of Fath Ali Khan Davallou, Fath Ali Shah's aghdi wife, Ali Mirza, a.k.a. Ali Khan, Ali Shah, "Zell-e-Soltan," Adel Shah (b. 1210--d. 1271 A.H. in Kerbela). Only full brother of Abbas Mirza Nayeb-Saltaneh.

Biographical excerpt of the life of Ali Shah Qajar

from Bamdad

At the death of his father, Fath Ali Shah, Ali Mirza Zell-e-Soltan was governor of Tehran. He closed the gates of the citadel, declared himself rightful heir, was crowned Shahanshah and reigned in Tehran in 1834/1250 A.H., for a period of 40 days as Adel Shah Qajar. He abdicated at the arrival of Mohammad Mirza (son of Abbas Mirza and nephew of Ali Shah) from Tabriz who was crowned Mohammad Shah Qajar. Ali Shah had coins struck in his name -- "Soltan Ali Shah" -- at the Tehran mint. In his brief reign, he distributed 700,000 toumans from the treasury to the populace of Tehran to gain their support. He died in Kerbela, in exile in 1855/1271 A.H. at the age of 62.

Biographical excerpts of the life of Ali Shah Qajar

by Mass'oud Mirza Zelli (Great-great-grand son of Ali Shah Qajar)

Ali-Shah Zell-e-Soltan was born on 6th Shaban 1210 Hejri (1793) from Princess Assiyeh Khanom, daughter of Fath-Ali Khan Davalou. She was the aghdi wife of Fath-Ali Shah Ghadjar, Shahanshah of Iran. He was the full brother of Crown Prince Abbas Mirza, who died in 1833. Ali Mirza Zell-e-Soltan was governor of Teheran for 25 years. In 1834, after Fath-Ali Shah passed away, Prince Ali Mirza Zell-e-Soltan crowned himself Shahanshah, and minted coins in his name as Ali Shah Ghadjar, Shahanshah of Iran. Meanwhile from Tabriz, Mohammad Mirza, the son of Crown Prince Abbas Mirza, who was then governor of Tabriz and of ill health, marched on the capital Teheran, with the help of Ghaem Magham, the vice-governor, and British and Russian military support. Ghaem Magham bribed the officer in charge of the Ghazvin garrison who handed over the garrison without resistance and accepted to send someone to Teheran to bribe the officer in charge of Teheran's Ghazvin Gate in order to open the gate on the British and Russian army supporting the claim of Mohammad Mirza.

This way, Mohammad Mirza entered Teheran and put Ali Shah Zell-e-Soltan under house arrest. His Highness was under house arrest for two years in his palace which still exists in Teheran. It is situated in front of the current Ministry of Foreign Affairs. This palace was later turned into an army garrison under Reza Shah.

For two years Iran had two shahs during Nowrooz ceremonies.While Mohammad Shah received dignitaries at the Golestan Palace, Ali Shah Zell-e-Soltan also sat in his palace with crown on head and received dignitaries in turn, until 1836 AD (1252 Hejri), when he decided to go on pilgrimage to Mecca. At the instigation of Ghaem Magham and with the help of the Russian Ghazaghs and the governor of Hamadan, His Royal Highness and his entourage were arrested in Hamadan and after awhile were sent to Maragheh into a castle which was readied as jail for them. We were told by Prince Shodja-e-Dowleh, my great grand-father, son of Ali Shah Zell-e-Soltan, that while His Royal Highness was kept prisoner in a farmhouse in Hamadan, His Highness summoned the owner of the house before him and had a heavy iron box dug in the ground before them. His Highness admonished the owner to look after this box and told him that whenever he heard of his new permanent whereabouts, to bring it and hand it over again. Five years from that day, while His Highness and his family were residing in Karbala, the same farmer arrived at the door and asked permission to enter. When permission was granted, he entered and put the heavy iron box in front of His Highness, and said: "This is your box." The box contained His Highness's jewels, which came in very handy. With them Ali Shah Zell-e-Soltan bought a big part of Karbala's bazaar, which contained four caravanserais and many shops. This enabled him to keep his family in comfort. This property is under our name to this day, but after the arrival of Saddam Hussein to power, its revenue went into the Iraqi owqaf (religious trusts).

Descendants of Ali Shah (in order of seniority):

Ali Shah Zell-e Soltan Ghadjar, from his marriage with Hajieh Khanoum, daughter of Ghahar Gholi Mirza, son of Shahrokh Mirza, son of Reza Gholi Mirza, son of Nader Shah Afshar, had one son named Shoja-ed-Dowleh, who lived in Karbala. During the reign of Nasser-ed-Din Shah Ghadjar he was invited to come back to Iran, which he did with all his family.

1-Prince Shoja-ed-Doleh had two sons:

1-1-Prince Amir Arsalan Mirza, titled "Shoja-e-Nezam" and

1-2-Prince Amir Aslan Mirza, titled "Shoja-e-Soltan."

For complete list of descendants of Ali Shah Qajar, please click here.



Mehdi Bamdad, Sharh-e Haal-e Rejaal-e Iran, Vol. 2
Mass'oud Mirza Zelli, Paris. He can be reached at:


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